Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) is for countries that are potential candidates, and the candidate countries for EU membership, and the goal is to integrate those through the application and incentive effects, which would facilitate the country's transition from one status to another. The main objectives of the IPA are to strengthen democratic institutions, promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms with particular respect for minority rights, civil society and regional and cross-border cooperation.
The IPA consists of five different components:
- transition assistance and institution building
- cross-border and regional cooperation
- regional development
- development of human resources
- rural development
Potential country candidates operate on a centralized basis, with the Commission as contracting authority that provides assistance directly or through delegation of the European Agency for Reconstruction. Thus will help these countries to be secured within the first two IPA components.
The funds for financing of infrastructure, regional development, rural development and measures to improve the field of work, as well as the most widely understood social measures, will be available in the component "transition assistance and institution building."
Participants in IPA program
Candidate and potential candidate countries can participate in the IPA program. Any natural or legal person residing or officially based in countries that meet the above conditions (within the component to which they are entitled) will be able to apply for funding under the IPA:
- Non-profit organizations
- State institutions
- Local Government
- Public Services
- Government agencies
- Universities and institutes
- Educational institutions
- NGOs and Associations
- Business Associations
- Chamber of Commerce
Budget of IPA (Note: The European Commission considers and confirms the budget at the beginning of each year) in the period since 2007. the 2013th Is 11,47 billion euros.
Assistance under the IPA include funding investments, procurement contracts, grants, including interest rate subsidies, special types of loans, loan guarantees and financial assistance, as well as budgetary support and other specific types of budgetary support, and share in the capital of international financial institutions or regional development banks.